Many previous studies have attempted to decipher how women perceive the disordered eating behaviors of other women. However, previous researchers have not extensively examined how young women perceive their own eating pathologies. Among college-aged women, eating disorders are extremely prevalent, but many of these individuals attribute their disordered eating to the normal stress of college. Of the very small percentage of women who do seek treatment, an even smaller percentage seek help specifically for an eating disorder. This lack of self-identification is deeply problematic because timely identification and treatment of an eating disorder is essential for maximizing the chances of a successful recovery.
Articles tagged with: Research
We previously discussed research on "fitspiration" and the association between disordered eating and social media use, which suggests there is a relationship between social media and eating disorder behaviors. In a similar line of inquiry, a recent study looked specifically at fitness trackers (those trendy apps people use to record things like steps, calories, and heart rate) and eating disorder thoughts and behaviors.
Previous research suggests early response to eating disorder treatment predicts better outcomes, both at the end of treatment and at follow-up appointments. What do we mean by “early response”? The definition varies, but a recent research study exploring the time sensitivity of eating disorder treatment response defines early response as “a clinically meaningful improvement in behavioral symptoms within the first weeks of treatment.”
An individual’s level of reward and punishment sensitivity are believed to influence binge eating and compensatory behaviors.
Although anorexia and bulimia (BN) have high rates of suicidal ideation and behavior, the link has not been studied extensively in individuals struggling with binge eating disorder (BED).
A recent study suggests that pre-teens who develop eating disorder symptoms may exhibit risk factors as younger children. Over the course of the six-year longitudinal study, researchers collected data on eating disorder symptoms, feelings of depression, and body satisfaction at ages seven, nine, and 12.
Recent research has focused on how impaired social cognition might play a role in the development and persistence of anorexia nervosa (AN). (“Social cognition” refers to the thought processes that underlie social interaction, allowing people to empathize, decode others’ thoughts and emotions, and appropriately shape their own behavior in social situations.)
Katrina Hoch, Ph.D., M.S., R.D., C.D., Registered Dietitian at The Emily Program
Promoting body acceptance and weight diversity can be helpful not only for supporting recovery from eating disorders, but also for reducing the risk of emotional problems for all teens. In a study published in September in the Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, Jaana Juvonen and colleagues found that perception of weight-based peer discrimination in middle school contributed more than BMI to emotional problems. They also found that the effect of BMI itself on emotional problems in middle school is indirect, as it is mediated by peer mistreatment.
Although the beneficial effects of yoga have long been observed in individuals with eating disorders, research on yoga as an eating disorder treatment intervention is still in its early stages.
What is it?
An eating disorder topic that’s been getting a lot of media attention lately is Chewing and Spitting (CHSP). It’s exactly what it sounds like— the habit of chewing food to enjoy the taste, then spitting it out to avoid unwanted calories or the guilt of eating a “bad” or feared food. CHSP can occur on its own, but is more often seen alongside other eating disorders symptoms. A cross-sectional study has shown that there is a strong association between being diagnosed with an eating disorder, like anorexia or bulimia, and lifetime CHSP behavior.1
Article: Eating Disorder Pathology in Elite Adolescent Athletes. International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol. 49, issue 6, p. 553-562. Giel, Hermann-Werner, Mayer, Diehl, Schneider, Thiel, & Zipfel. (2016). Access the article here.
This study examined eating disorder pathology in a large group (n=1138) of elite adolescent athletes.
The researchers assessed body weight, weight control behaviors, and body acceptance. They also screened overall for core eating disorder symptoms as well as for depression and anxiety.
This article talks about the health repercussions of eating disorders. Please use your own discretion. And speak with your therapist when needed.
The harsh reality of eating disorder mortality rates
Eating disorders kill. This is a harsh reality. Our clients are reminded about this fact from their loved ones, doctors and therapists. Yet, many of our clients believe that it will be someone else who dies and not them.
Eating disorders impact about 30 million people in the United States. They are associated with high levels of premature mortality, including an increased risk for suicide. Without treatment, up to 20 percent of people with a serious eating disorder will die. These are sobering statistics.
Reprinted with permission from SCAN'S PULSE, Winter 2016, Vol 35, No 1, official publication of Sports, Cardiovascular, and Wellness Nutrition (SCAN), Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, Chicago, IL.
The popularity and accessibility of yoga has grown exponentially in the past decade. According to a study by Yoga Journal, approximately 20 million Americans older than 18 years practiced yoga in 2012, constituting 8.7% of the adult population.1 An industry report by IBIS World estimates there are more than 30,000 yoga and Pilates studios in the United States.2 Many of the 170+ eating disorder (ED) treatment facilities in the U.S. offer yoga or other mind-body based activities as a component of treatment.3 A 2006 study of 18 residential ED treatment programs in the nation found that two-thirds of the programs offered yoga.4
Words with Wisniewski: Research Review -- Focus on Perfectionism in Female Adolescent Anorexia NervosaDecember 10, 2015. Written by Lucene Wisniewski, PhD
Article: Focus on Perfectionism in Female Adolescent Anorexia Nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders, vol 48:7 936-941. Hurst & Zimmer-Gembeck, 2015
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a difficult illness to recover from for a number of reasons. First and foremost, it's life threatening and secondly, the treatments available do not yield high success rates and are in need of improvement.
By Lisa Diers, RD, LD, E-RYT
Words aren't the only way to connect to memories and feelings stored in the body. This is why we incorporate integrative therapies, including yoga, into treatment at The Emily Program.
Yoga is a practice of specific postures (asanas) linked with breath while incorporating a focused intention of moving inward for self-exploration or reflection, and decreased anxiety and depression. In yoga, the mind is not separate from the body nor is the body separate from the mind. The Breath is the mechanism that bridges the gap between the two. When we discuss yoga here, we are referring to mind, body, and breath. When yoga is practiced with traditional methods, it is a practice of wholeness.